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In this model, amputation application was considered to be dependent variable, age, sex, arrival selleck chemical Z-VAD-FMK time atherosclerosis existence, and application of re-embolectomy were considered to be independent variable. Qualitative data were presented in number and percentage, measurement data in arithmetic mean standard deviation, the results of logistic regression analysis in OR and 95% GA. P < 0.05 was accepted to be significant statistically.4. ResultsThe underlying reason for emboli in 624 cases (76%) was atrial fibrillation. The sources of emboli are shown in Table 1. Of the cases, 188 (22.8%) underwent right femoral embolectomy (Figure 2), 321 (39%) underwent left femoral embolectomy, 36 (4.3%) right brachial embolectomy, 63 (7.6%) left brachial embolectomy, 28 (3.4%) underwent bilateral femoral embolectomy, 78 (9.
4%) right popliteal embolectomy, and 96 (11.6%) underwent left popliteal embolectomy. Four cases (0.4%) were applied right brachial and right femoral embolectomy, and 4 cases (0.4%) were applied left brachial and left Protease-activated Receptor femoral embolectomy. Due to the emboli related with popliteal aneurysm in 4 cases (0.4%), femoro-popliteal graft bypass was performed by using saphenous vein. Figure 2The femoral angiography depicts the right femoral emboli and femoral arterial occlusion.Table 1The sources leading to acute arterial emboli in our study.Nineteen patients (2.3%) were applied fasciotomy, 27 patients (3.3%) interposition through saphenous vein, 4 patients (0.4%) cross-femoral bypass with synthetic graft, 9 cases (1%) patchplasty, 7 cases (0.8%) endarterectomy, 10 cases (1.
2%) arteria tibialis posterior, arteria tibialis anterior additional embolectomy selleck chemicals from radial artery, and 2 cases (0.2%) left axillofemoral extra anatomic bypass procedure with synthetic graft.The mean age of the cases was 58.7 �� 7.5 years. Forty-seven of the female (3.9%) and 65 of the males (14%) underwent amputation (Q-square: 0.101, freedom degree: 1, P = 0.751). The mean age of the cases undergone amputation (63.4 �� 9.5 years) was statistically higher than those that (50.7 �� 10.7 years) did not undergo (t = 4.72, freedom degree: 502, P < 0.0005). The patients were followed up during hospitalization, once every 15 days in the postoperative first month, and once a month during the following 6 months.The effect of the atherosclerotic structure, the duration between the onset of complaints and admission to the hospital and the re-embolectomy on the amputation was statistically evaluated. Amputation was performed in 112 (13.6%) patients.