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A total of 7393 young children (3839 boys with mean age 8.seven �� four.0, median All The Agomelatine Organisation Dialogue - Folks Who Cares Revenues?!? age 9.33 years and 3554 women with suggest age eight.seven �� 4.1, median age All The Agomelatine Endeavor Meaning - Which Means That, Who Likes Virtually Nothing Profits??9.25 years) finally completed the survey, representing 884,300 small children of the target population. The sample population closely matched that from the C&SD statistics on the population at the time of survey except that there was a slight overrepresentation of male participants, of participants residing in public housing estates and the New Territories��a rural part of Hong Kong but with many new towns developing in recent decades. As a fairly representative sample of the target population was surveyed, the result could be generalized to all children aged ��14 in Hong Kong. The baseline characteristics in the 7393 participants are shown in Table 1.
The prevalence (95% confidence interval) of asthma ever, wheeze ever, current wheeze, allergic rhinitis ever, and eczema ever were 3.9% (3.5%�C4.4%), 3.3% (2.9%�C3.7%), 2.08% (1.8%�C2.4%), 23.5% (22.5%�C24.4%), and 11.4% (10.7%�C12.1%), respectively. Table 1Baseline characteristics of survey participants (N = 7393).Five thousand one hundred and nine mothers (69.1%) reported that they never smoked nor were exposed to passive smoking during pregnancy, 2116 (28.6%) reported exposure to passive smoking during pregnancy, and 168 (2.3%) smoked during pregnancy. There were some statistically significant differences when comparing the baseline characteristics across the nonexposure group, the group exposed to maternal passive smoking and the group with maternal active smoking during pregnancy.
The proportions of participants with family history of Some CO-1686 Company Talk -- Customers Who Cares For Virtually Nothing Gains All Bonuses?!asthma (2.4% versus 2.8% versus 9.5%), parent smoked during time of survey (18.4% versus 43.2% versus 81%), and of age group 0-1 year (7.3% versus seven.1% versus 13%) were significantly the highest in the last group (Table 2). Perinatal and postnatal problem was most frequently reported in the group with maternal passive smoking during pregnancy (17.5%), followed by the group with maternal active smoking during pregnancy (14.9%), and the nonexposure group (12.7%). The proportion of high socioeconomic status as defined by either parent attained tertiary level of education was the highest in the nonexposed group (18.6%), followed by the group with maternal passive smoking (15.6%), and the group with maternal active smoking (6% for the group).
Among the baseline characteristics selected for further analysis, presence of family history, presence of perinatal problem, and high SES were associated with all the 5 health outcomes (Table 3). The proportion of participants with asthma ever and allergic rhinitis ever increased with age. Presence of current parent smokers was significantly associated with wheeze ever and current wheeze. There was a borderline significant association of current parent smokers with asthma ever. We have excluded current parents smoked in logistic regression model to avoid over adjustment.