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14, P < .01), and negative correlations with prosocial behavior (r = ?.10, P < .05) and adolescent behavior (r = ?.17, P < .01). Internalized reasoning subscale had low significant correlation with adolescent behavior (r = .10, P < .05). Overall weighted PROM score had significant correlations with prosocial behavior (r = .10, P < .05) and adolescent behavior (r = .12, P < .05).Table 3Correlation www.selleckchem.com/products/ikk-16.html between prosocial moral reasoning and prosocial/antisocial behavior in adolescents (N = 566).5.5. Gender DifferencesMultivariate ANCOVA was conducted to examine gender differences in PROM weighted total and subscales, with age as covariate (Table 4). Multivariate test results showed that age was not a significant covariate, and there were no differences in the profile of five PROM subscales between males and females.
There were, nevertheless, substantial variations in hedonistic and stereotypic reasoning subscales amongst males and females. Males had major larger hedonistic reasoning (F = 13.06, P < .001) than females, and females had significantly higher needs-oriented reasoning (F = 7.54, P < .01) than males.Table 4Comparison of prosocial reasoning between males and females, with age as covariate.6. DiscussionA Chinese version of the PROM was developed in this study for measuring prosocial moral reasoning in young people. Through an expert panel review, the translated instrument had good-content relevance and representativeness. The expert panel also identified some issues in the translation, presentation, and reading level of the test scenarios, and modifications were done according to the expert opinions.
The Chinese PROM weighted overall andFelbamate subscales had ��acceptable�� to ��very good�� test-retest reliability and internal consistency, and that is substantially larger than scientific studies on the authentic English model. The results supported that the Chinese PROM has good-content validity and dependability.The research of convergent validity yields mixed outcomes. Large levels of prosocial reasoning (PROM weighted overall) have been related with large ranges of empathy but minimal amounts of fantasy and individual distress. Specifically, theA-674563 purchase correlation amongst empathy and PROM weighted total score was shut to unity. This implies that young individuals with high empathy are very more likely to reach an internalized stage of prosocial reasoning.
It truly is exciting to locate that hedonistic and approval-oriented reasoning is strongly and negatively linked with empathy, whilst all other reasoning sorts had constructive correlation with empathy. This implies young persons with substantial hedonistic or approval-oriented reasoning are less likely to apply empathy. Since the developmental theories postulated that empathy precedes the development of increased degree of prosocial reasoning [23�C25], the outcomes help that hedonistic and approval-oriented are the much less mature forms of prosocial reasoning.