The Advancement in the Field of Oncology

Specifically speaking, the field of medicine known as oncology is related to the diagnostic treatment of cancer. The word is a Greek word derivative which means "bulk" or a "mass" which thereby refers to a cancerous or a tumorous mass.

The field of applied medical sciences has greatly advanced both in relation to technological aid and the depth of knowledge and inquiry over the past half century.

In fact, since the discovery of the first anti-biotic, man has been racing to reach the finish line where he would have achieved the task of either finding the prevention or cure of every fatal disease. But sadly enough, all that research and experimentation has still not brought man towards the end of the race and cancer still remains the biggest threat to the life and health of the average man.

Oncology is that field of medical science that is dedicated only towards specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of this horrific disease, wherever it may occur in the body and thus it also makes it very vast and widespread. The oncologists therefore focus their specialization on one sub-specialty such as the diagnosis and treatment of bone cancer, lung cancer, throat cancer etc.; while others focus their energy on the different kinds of treatment given to patients suffering from cancer such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgical removals of tumors and so on.

Much to the encouragement of mankind, oncology has another branch which is just as wide as studying the different kinds of cancer that may hit a person's body; this branch is related to discovering the causes, prevention and cures for the disease. Many oncology researchers dedicate their lives in finding the cure to this horrific problem. And thankfully, after years of research and scientific study, doctors are now generally hopeful that though there is no prevention, an early detection can save many lives. For example, with the help of test it is possible to detect prostate cancer at a very early stage and it has been able to save many men's lives. The same can be said of breast and cervical cancer.

With research nowhere near its end and because Hematology has many sub-specialties many medical practitioners still find a lot of scope in this field and therefore choose to specialize in either of the sub-categories such as,

• Radiation oncology,
• Medical Oncology,
• Surgical oncology,
• Gynecologic oncology,
• Pediatric oncology and
• Interventional oncology.

In some countries, like in the UK, the oncologists are divided into two categories - the clinical and the medical oncologist. The only difference between them is that the medical oncologist cannot perform radiotherapy, the other one can. But this difference is nonexistent in the West

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