Wind energy technical potentialequation QWind onshore AG lowast rLC

Existing studies, performed using integrated assessment models, indicate that wind energy for power generation is one of the most important options to mitigate climate change [29][2]. showed that the top five key carbon reduction technologies are carbon capture and storage (CCS), solar, wind, Ruxolitinib power generation, and biofuels, and that wind power generation accounts for 10% of the total emission reduction in 2050 in a 450 ppm (parts per million) scenario. Ref. [23] argued that to meet the European goal of reducing GHG emissions by 80% by 2050, wind energy will become the most important renewable technology, reaching a similar deployment level as nuclear energy. Another review of 162 recent medium-to long-term scenarios by Ref. [24] showed that annual growth rates of wind and solar energy over the 2010-50 period would be nearly 10% and the share of wind in global electricity generation in 2050 would be ∼15% in 440-ppm scenarios. Ref. [28] further assessed the role of renewable energy in climate stabilization and found that wind energy would be competitive even without a climate policy.