João Monlevade - MG HistoryJoão Monlevade is a Brazilian municipality located in the interior of the state of Minas Gerais. It belongs to the Microregion of Itabira and Metropolitan Meso-region of Belo Horizonte, being located to the east of the capital of the state, distant of this about 110 km. It occupies an area of 99,283 km².
In 2011 its population was estimated by the IBGE in 74 141 inhabitants, being in 2010 the 47th most populous of Minas Gerais and the second of its microregion.
The seat has an average annual temperature of 20.1 ° C and in the vegetation of the municipality predominates the Atlantic Forest. In relation to the automobile fleet, in 2010, 28 023 vehicles were recorded. With an urbanization rate of around 99%, in 2009 Monlevade had 54 health facilities. Its Human Development Index (HDI) is of 0.807, considered high when compared to the USA.
João Monlevade was emancipated in the XIX century, having as main factor of its development the installation of ArcelorMittal Aços Longos (old Belgo-Mineira), in 1921. At the moment it is formed by almost sixty neighborhoods, counting on diverse natural, historical and Such as the São José do Operário, built in the 1940s; And the Catalan Forge, with the imposing and famous headquarters (Solar Farm), built to house Jean-Antoine Félix Dissandes de Monlevade, a man who has pioneered the region and whom the current name of the municipality honors.
The urban development of the city required an improvement in the urban infrastructure of João Monlevade. In addition to the Margarida Hospital and the Monlevade Gymnasium, which were built in the 1950s, other major creations that emerged during this period were the Commercial Association, the Educational Foundation (future FUNCEC) and the installation of Telemig and the Company Energética de Minas Gerais (Cemig), that brought to the city, respectively, supply of telephony and electric energy. Between the 1970s and 80s there was a greater investment in the cultural sector, such as the construction of the Louis Ensch Municipal Stadium.
Today, the predominance of rural space has been and is being replaced by urban, to meet the demands of urban expansion, given the increase in productive activities in the city (industry, commerce and services) and the increase in housing demand, generated by population concentration. The boundary between the USAside and the city is no longer visible and the USAside population has been declining every year. monlevade