How Are Porcelain and Ceramic Tiles Different?
If you are planning to re-tile a bathroom or kitchen then one of the main factors affecting which tiles you select is how they look; is it the proper colour, texture and size to produce the appear and feel that you are after? And, obviously, can they complement your financial allowance along with your design ideas?
But there's more to some wall or porcelain tile than the way they appear and feel; no matter how beautiful a tile may look it won't be suitable when it doesn't are eligible of the installation. For example, if you are planning to use flooring in the wet-room are they slip resistant? Safety ought to always be an option when tiling a floor.
Firstly, what are the tiles made from? It is not uncommon for customers to reference all wall and ceramic tiles that are not created from natural stone as "ceramic". And while, technically, this can be true there is a huge difference between the manufacturing processes for traditional ceramic tiles as well as the more technologically advanced approaches for making porcelain tiles.
There is confusion with all the terminology because both kinds of tile are produced from clay or from the clay mixture but that is in which the similarity ends since the different manufacturing processes produce a quite different end result. There is a marked difference between how much stronger, more hard-wearing and much more frost resistant a porcelain tile is compared to a ceramic tile.
To produce a ceramic tile the mix of clay and water is formed in to a tile, which is then fired in the kiln. A glaze will be placed on the top to produce the specified colour. Whilst not as strong or hard-wearing as porcelain tiles they are still perfectly fitted to domestic installations especially for tiling walls.
Porcelain tiles on the other had are produced by mixing the clay with coloured minerals and finely milling it. The shaped tile will then be produced by pressing the mix into moulds under questionable. The kiln firing is then done with an extremely high temperature and also this process produces a dense and incredibly strong tile. Some porcelain tiles are glazed just as as ceramic tiles but some are now "full-bodied" which means they have the colour and pattern running throughout the tile as opposed to just as a surface layer on the top. The advantage of an entire bodied tile is the fact that any chips or harm to the tile is going to be less noticeable as the chip won't reveal a clay coloured base layer. But even glazed porcelain tiles are much stronger than their ceramic cousins.
An additional advantage of employing porcelain tiles in the home is that they will also be highly waterproof so might be great for today's modern wet-room style bathrooms. The fact that they are waterproof entails that they're highly frost-resistant so some types are compatible with outdoor use; but do check this with the supplier as some types are not. Most porcelain tiles will be graded for the most suitable form of use so be sure to check the PEI rating on any tiles you are thinking about buying: 0 means they are one of the most fragile and only suitable as wall tiles and 5 means they are suitable as floor tiles in both commercial and residential settings.
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