Shisha is a kind of embroidery done on the surface of textile for stitching small mirrors to secure a pretty design. The truth is, the phrase 'shisha' means mirrors. This style of embroidery, sometimes called mirror work, is fairly prevalent in India and its neighboring countries. Initially, components of mica were employed to obtain a reflective surface, but those were subsequently substituted with tiny mirrors. Nowadays, sequins and plastic mirrors can also be used occasionally, but glass mirrors remain used and they are considered to be more pleasing and traditional.
Traditionally, 'shisha' was made from blown glass, the back of which was painted to make it more reflective. Then, it turned out carefully cut or broken. It is still used and also the final strategy is called 'antique shisha.' Such components of 'shisha' are valued due to the slight flaws that creep all the while making glass manually, along with the difference in their decoration, on account of hand cutting. 'Perfect shisha' or 'embroidery glass', as it is known as, being made on machines, is thicker and contains no imperfections of shape or size.
'Shisha' should be firmly attached to the cloth in order that the latter can conduct the extra weight of the mirror or 'shisha.' It works especially well on textile having bold prints in bright colors, where mirrors together with pretty stitches give a different dimension towards the overall design. Mirror embroidery is frequently carried out to add to the great thing about bags of varying sizes, hangings, clothing and household furnishings. Mirrors form a fundamental piece of the general design. They might form element of the motifs arranged in geometrical designs or be positioned in the flower.
Simple straight stitches in many directions are applied over the periphery in the mirror to secure it using the fabric. The edges of the mirror are somewhat rough, in order to hold the thread as well as the fabric, thus keeping the mirror rolling around in its desired position. Traditionally, the fastening of mirror on the fabric is performed through stitches only, without using any adhesive or glue. Those decorative stitches along the periphery in the mirror not simply support the mirror in place, and also visit form a design component.
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